The What’s-What On Cut

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Diamond cut is probably not what you’re thinking; It’s not the particular shape of the diamond. Such as a princess cut or an oval cut. The word “cut” actually refers to how the diamond reflects light…or, how sparkly it is.

However, the shapes of the diamond do have an impact. The way a diamond cut is shaped helps to illuminate the natural essence of the stone, making it glimmer.

It may seem a little confusing when the word “cut” is interchanged so casually between shape and sparkle. But, have no fear! We are here to break it down for you, so when you go into the jeweler you’ll look like you’ve proposed a million times before- Not that you want that reputation!

How Is A Diamond Cut?

A diamond, in its rough form, has absolutely no shine or sparkle. A diamond must be cut in a very particular way in order to get that sparkly glimmery shine that we all want to rock on our ring fingers.

The three important things to consider when cutting a diamond are:

  1. Proportions
  2. Symmetry
  3. Polish

These three factors work together to form a diamond’s brilliance by controlling how much light reflects off of the stone. In a diamond that is well-cut based on those three elements, the light will enter through the top of the stone, bounce around, and then enter back out of the top. This allows for the person to look at the stone to catch all of the brilliance in their eyes so that the diamond seems as sparkly as can be!

However, in a diamond that is poorly cut, the light will leak out of the diamond once it has entered, so the result is dull and less than impressive.

Popular Diamond Cut Techniques:

Brilliant Cut

The brilliant cut is usually used with a basic round-shaped diamond. This particular cut allows for the majority of the light to exit the top of the diamond. So, your diamond will be as shiny as can be!

Modified Brilliant Cut

The modified brilliant cut uses the same technique as the brilliant cut, so that the light exits the top of the diamond. It is “modified” because it is a cut technique practiced, not in round diamonds, but others that are similar such as oval and heart-shaped stones.

Mixed Cut

A mixed cut combines a couple of different cuts to give it a completely unique look. Princess-shaped cuts fall into this mix. It features a heavier weight on the bottom, with a modified brilliant cut top. This allows for the shiny glimmer to still filter its way through the stone.

Rose Cut

A rose cut is a classic vintage cut with a flat bottom and a half-circled top that’s higher in the middle. And, obviously, it’s called a rose cut because it was meant to look like a rosebud; a symbol of growing love. Since it is a vintage style, it was developed way before our new-age diamond cutting technique. But, the shine of a rose cut is still exquisite.

Step Cut

The step cut is used traditionally with emeralds. It’s a cut that is not meant to sparkle and shine. Rather, it shows off the quality of the gem itself. It’s called a step cut because it looks as if it has steps running down the sides of the stone.

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